In 1954, India- China jointly made five principles of co-existence and former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s famous words, ‘Hindi-Chini bhai bhai’ which became historical while referring India –China diplomatic relation. Under this principle India recognized Chinese rule in Tibet. Since the formation of five principles of co-existence, and the bhai bhai remark in 1954, China gave in return the war in 1962. The war was not a sudden move from the Chinese part but prior to the war there were incidents which triggered tension between two nations.
Later in 1954 Nehru wrote to china about demarking the borders of India in order to revise the map of India. But Chinese map showed 120,000 km of Indian territory as Chinese. When questioned about it then off Premier of China Zhou Enlai, replied that there were errors in the map. In 1959 China miffed at the reception given to Dalailama in India. Tension mounted between two nations when then off Prime Minister Mao made the remark that India acted behind the Lhasa rebellion in Tibet. In 1962 July, 350 Chinese troops surrounded an Indian post at Chuhul. In October 20 1962, 400 Chinese troops attacked India and Indian army killed 200 Chinese soldiers. On October 26 , China encircled four Sikhs and Indian army attacked the Chinese troops and saved the Sikhs.
The bhai bhai statement made by our first PM Nehru rested in paper. George Fernandez, India’s defense minister during Vajpayee regime, openly commented that China is the number 1 enemy of India. Then off his statement sparked wide scale controversy. The tactical move china made at borders always kept India to be vigilant over China as a its number one enemy . China was alleged to have provided support to Pakistan when war erupted between India and Pakistan and whenever border killing of soldiers and ceasefire violations took place on the part of Pakistan at the border. Recently, China being an ardent supporter of Pakistan, reluctant to deplore the Pulwama attack launched by Pakistan in which lives 40 Indian CRPF soldiers lost. The encountering surgical strike launched by India was recognized by International community including the US. But China was stubborn in accepting India despite pressure from international community.
Now it is significant that China launched attack against India which claimed three lives of Indian soldiers in the back drop of the out break of the pandemic COVID 19 across the world. Former Defense Minister A K Antony reiterates there are other hidden agenda behind the Chinese attack. The attack thrown in to air all diplomatic civility between two nation at this time of pandemic. China repeatedly proves that it is (was) not in position to keep India in bhai bhai stand and the move by China over the years is mocking the remark made by Indian Prime Minister.